Scientific Sessions

Nanomedicine Nanomedicine is the medical application of nanotechnology to the inhibition and activation of infections in the human body. This developing discipline has the probable to naturally change medical science. the action includes needleless injectors,  chemotherapy, hearing aids, biochips , nebulizers &Sprays,  modernizers, OTC tests, insulin pumps, nebulizers &Sprays, medical flow sensors, and blood pressure, glucose monitoring and drug delivery systems.

Nanobiotechnology is a discipline in which implements from nanotechnology are developed and applied to study natural phenomena. For example, nanoparticles can serve as probes, devices or vehicles for biomolecule delivery in cellular systems.

 

Nanomaterials are the structural components smaller than one micrometer in at least one dimension. Manufactured nanomaterials are in more than above 1,300 commercial products including textiles, fuel additives, medical equipment, cosmetics, plastics and more. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) scientists exploration the most prevalent nanomaterials that may have human and environmental health implications. The research is developing a scientific foundation to better understand, predict and manage the challenges of nanomaterials.

Nanoelectronics the term refers to the use of nanotechnology in electronic components. These components are often only limited nanometers in size. However, the smaller electronic components become, the harder they are to manufacture. Which covers several set of devices and materials, with the common characteristic that they are so small that physical effects alter the properties of the material on a Nanoscale inter-atomic interactions and quantum mechanical properties play a significant role in the workings of these devices. At the nanoscale new phenomena take priority over those that hold sway in the macro-world. Nanomedicine is the medical application of nanotechnology to the inhibition and activation of infections in the human body. This developing discipline has the probable to naturally change medical science.

 

As the energy systems nationally and worldwide are becoming increasingly sustainable, they constitute fluctuating energy like wind or solar that require technologies that can convert the energy from for instance electricity into gas or vice versa and that can store the relevant form of energy. The study line Energy Conversion and Storage aims at educating these future engineers. Attractive devices that can convert energy with high efficiency and little or no pollution include solar cells, fuel cells, and electrolyze cells. These convert radiation into electricity, electricity into gas or vice versa. Energy also needs to be stored, e.g. electricity can be stored by batteries. These are all expected to be crucial technologies for a future sustainable society, but this requires them to be cost-effective and robust. The student following the study line Energy Conversion and Storage will understand the fundamental physics and chemistry in order to develop such devices.

 

Agriculture provides food for humans directly and indirectly. As the world population is increasing, it is essential to use modern technologies such as bio and nanotechnologies in agricultural sciences.   Nanotechnology will develop the agriculture and food industry by innovation modern techniques. Rubber nanocomposite is a new class of composite material in which at least one dimension of the dispersed materials known as the effective particle, is in the nanometer range (1-100 nm) In nanotechnology used with the purpose of softening the water and removal of contaminants such as physical, biological and chemical contaminants. For better water purification processes nanotechnology is preferred.  Nanotechnology has many applications in all phases of processing production, packaging, storing, and transport of agricultural products.

 

Nanotechnology is designed to provide an improved approach to cancer diagnosis and treatment. Nanoscale devices can interrelate with large biological molecules on both the surface and inside cells involved in cancer. Cancer nanotechnology concerned with the application of both nanomaterials and nanotechnology. Cancer nanotechnology develops present approaches to cancer detection, imaging, diagnosis, and therapy while reducing toxicity associated with traditional cancer therapy.

Nanotechnology is currently being used for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Tissue engineering is a field where life science and technology merge to improve and replace damaged tissue or organs functions. This Nanoengineering shows light to the potential application of nanotechnology in bone, scaffolds, vascular, and bladder tissue regeneration.

 

Nano-Surgery is the term that refers to surgical treatment that uses fast laser beams which are focused by an objective optical microscope lens to exert a controlled force to manipulate organelles and other subcellular tructures. It’s little wonder that nanosurgery is generating quite a buzz in laboratories the world over. Today, nanosurgery is mostly as an in vitro technique for cell and tissue manipulation. However, with upcoming developments of hybrid nanotechnologies, in imaging systems and developing safe and reliable biological methods for in vivo operation, nanosurgery is set to become a formidable method in medicine. Possible applications include gene therapy, nerve and tissue regeneration and cancer treatment involving the selective damage of tumoral cells.  

 

Nanosensors are nanoscale devices that measure the physical quantities and convert those quantities into indicators that can be detected and evaluated. There are various types of nanosensors in the market and in development for various applications. Those applications include chemical detection, explosives or toxic gas forensics and decontamination. The primary efforts surrounding nanosensors mainly remain in development and researches.

Nanotopography refers to specific surface features that form or are generated at the nanoscopic scale. In nature, several functional Nano features have been identified. Particular surfaces like lotus leaf have been understood to apply nanoscale textures for biotic processes as self-cleaning. The cicada’s wing, the surface of which is covered in nanoscale pillars, induces lysis of bacteria. While the nano-pillars were not observed to prevent cell adherence, they acted mechanically to stretch microbial membranes to breakage. In vitro testing of the cicada, annex demonstrated its efficiency against a no of bacterial strains. This refers to specific surface topographies that are generated at the nanoscopic scale. While the term nano-topography can be used to describe a large range of applications, ranging from integrated circuits to microfluidics, during practice it typically applied to sub-micron textured surfaces as used in biomaterial research.

 

Nano Robotics is used to generating machines, and their robots or components close to the microscopic scale of a nanometer (10−9 meters). nanotechnology manufacturing discipline of designing and building nanorobots with devices ranging in size from 0.1–10 micrometers. The terms nanobot, nanoid, nanite, nanomachine, or nanometer have also been used to describe such devices currently under research and development. The robot which allows precision interactions with nanoscale objects, or can operate with nanoscale resolution is another definition for robotics. A nanomagnet is a submicrometric arrangement that presents spontaneous magnetic order (magnetization) at zero applied magnetic fields. The small size of nanomagnets prevents the growth of magnetic domains. Spintronics, is the study of essential electronics and its related magnetic moment, in addition to its important electronic charge, in solid-state devices.  Spintronics is a newly developing field of basic and applied research in physics and engineering was a "neglected" magnetic degree of freedom of an electron it's spin is envisaged to be exploited for classical and quantum information processing.

 

Nanomaterials, nanotechnological products, processes, and applications are expected to contribute significantly to environmental and climate protection by saving raw materials, energy and water as well as by reducing greenhouse gases and hazardous wastes. The NNI (National Nanotechnology Initiative) is committed to the responsible growth of nanotechnology as one of its four main goals and as an important part of its environmental, health, and safety (EHS) exploration strategy. The Department of Environmental, Health & Safety wants to ensure that teams using nanotechnology are aware of the potential hazards and risks involved and the control measures that should be utilized to limit exposures.

 

Materials science is important for the development of technology has been or thousands of years. Different materials have different strengths and weaknesses and are used for different purposes. New techniques to create Nanophase materials have arisen in the development of a new class of materials. Materials scientists work to understand and utilize them in the processing and manufacture of materials at the nanoscale. The field of materials science covers the characterization, properties, discovery, and end-use of nanoscale materials. The basic idea being to produce new disordered solid which contains a high density of defect cores whose 50% or more of the atoms reside in the core of the defects.

 

Neuroengineering focuses on the development of novel materials and artificial devices to be functionally and structurally interfaced with the central nervous system (CNS). Neuroengineering research efforts different laboratories the rice center for Neuroengineering. The mission of the RCNE is to interrelate engineering principals to neuroscience in a system that improves both the science and technology associated with neural systems. It also designs paradigm and study devices that interface with living neural tissue. Nanoparticles are able to penetrate the BBB of in vivo models and in Vitro; and therefore can be used to develop diagnostic tools as well as nano-enabled delivery systems that can bypass the blood-brain barrier in order to facilitate conventional and novel neurotherapeutic interventions such as drug therapy, and gene therapy, tissue regeneration.

 

Graphene is the name of a honeycomb sheet of carbon atoms. It is the building block for other graphitic materials (since a typical carbon atom has a diameter of about 0.33 nanometers, there are about 3 million layers of graphene in 1 mm of graphite). Harder than diamond yet more elastic than rubber; tougher than steel yet lighter than aluminum. Graphene is the strongest known material. Graphene is also very attractive for the fabrication of mixed-dimensional van der Waals hetrostructure that could be carried out through hybridizing graphene with 0D quantum dots or nanoparticles, 1D nanostructures such as nanowires or carbon nanotubes, or 3D bulk materials. To put this in perspective: if a sheet of cling film (like kitchen wrap film) had the same strength as a pristine monolayer of graphene, it would require the force exerted by a mass of 2000 kg, or a large car, to puncture it with a pencil. Carbon and Graphene Nanostructures applications are anti-corrosion coatings and paints, efficient and precise sensors, faster and efficient electronics, flexible displays, efficient solar panels, faster DNA sequencing, drug delivery, and more.

 

Nanomaterials synthesis and characterization capabilities include x-ray diffraction, chemical vapor deposition method, and electrochemical deposition, solution phase, thermal measurement equipment, and oxygen-free processing environments. An electrochemistry workstation which is used for general electrochemistry synthesis and measurements. Thin-film materials processing laboratory outside the cleanroom environment, which includes facilities for air-free materials processing and atomic layer deposition (ALD) of inorganic thin films. The laboratories also include small versatile versions of the Nanofabrication Facility toolset such as facilities for organic film deposition by spin-coating and thermal processing in vacuum or inert gas environments. Metal film deposition by thermal evaporation and DC magnetron sputtering is supported by a Kurt J. Lesker PVD75 tool. The laboratory includes chemical fume hoods, optical microscopes for sample processing and inspection.